The construction of the monastery, initially known as Lechnica, began in 1330. The early monastery buildings were made of wood but were later replaced in 1360 with brick and stone structures, built according to the principles of Gothic architecture. The name "Czerwony Klasztor," meaning "Red Monastery," originates from the color of its originally unplastered walls.
The monastery's history was turbulent, facing invasions and changes of ownership. It was rebuilt after a fire in 1907 and underwent extensive restoration work from 1955 to 1966. Today, parts of the complex serve as a museum. The highlight is the Gothic Church of St. Anthony, reconstructed in the Baroque style. Visitors can reach the monastery by foot, bike along the Pieniny Path, or by car.